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What is an apprenticeship?

Build skills, qualifications & experience while earning a wage

An Apprenticeship is a paid position where you can gain valuable training and qualifications for your chosen vocation.


A combination of on-the-job training (80% of time) and off-the-job training (20% of time) you will benefit from a blend of training centre-based learning and the opportunity to use the skills you have learnt in a real, working environment.


An Apprenticeship offers…

What is an apprenticeship?​
Success stories
“An Apprenticeship will give me the chance to move up in my career and take on new opportunities that would not have been open to me otherwise. I’m excited about my future.”
Levels of Apprenticeships

Apprenticeships are graded in Levels, from Level 2 to Level 7. They are also sometimes categorised as Intermediate, Advanced, Higher, or Degree level.

Level 2 - Intermediate Apprenticeship

A Level 2 Apprenticeship is considered to be the equivalent of 5 GCSE passes.


There is generally no eligibility criteria for applications. However, you will need to demonstrate that you have the ability to complete the course you will need to be 16 or over. 

Level 3 - Advanced Apprenticeship

A Level 3 Apprenticeship is considered the same as 2 passes at A-Level. It is a common next step for those who have achieved a full-time Level 2 Engineering course, a Level 2 Apprenticeship in Engineering, or have 5 GCSE’s (A*-C / 9-4).

Level 4 - Higher Apprenticeship

A Level 4 Apprenticeship is the equivalent to a Foundation Degree, a Higher National Certificate (HNC), or the first year of an undergraduate degree. 


The entry requirements of a Level 3 Apprenticeship in Engineering are:

  • Achieved a Level 3 Apprenticeship in Engineering or,
  • Achieved a Level 3 BTEC in Engineering
  • You must have achieved a minimum of 5 GCSEs (A*-C / 9-4) alongside one of the above.
You must be 18 or above to start a Level 4 Apprenticeship. 
Level 5 - Higher Apprenticeship

A Level 5 Apprenticeship is also classified as a Higher Apprenticeship, but are the equivalent to a full degree. 


The requirements of a Level 5 Apprenticeship will be similar to a Level 4, but there may be more specific requirements from an employer. 

Level 6 & 7 - Degree Apprenticeship

Degree apprenticeships are new types of courses offered by universities. The Level 6 Apprenticeship gives candidates the opportunity to achieve a full bachelor’s degree, and a level 7 is an opportunity to gain a masters in your chosen subject. 


As these are demanding courses, it is common to see strict requirements from employers for these apprenticeships. You will certainly need prior qualifications. 

Apprenticeship training courses at Derwent Training

What is an apprenticeship?​
Who is eligible for an Apprenticeship?

Different levels of Apprenticeship may require specific qualifications or eligibility criteria (see above) but, aside from that, the opportunity for an Apprenticeship is open to most people. Whether you are a mature person already in work and looking to upskill or a school leaver ready to start your career, an Apprenticeship can offer a brilliant opportunity to develop. At a minimum you should:


  • Be 16 years or over at the time of enrolment
  • Be living in England
  • Not already be in full-time education at the point of enrolment
  • Not already have a qualification at the same level or above in the discipline that you want to study

If you do not live in England, check out Apprenticeship options in Scotland, Wales or Northern Ireland.

Want to start your Apprenticeship journey?

Start your application process with us today

How the training works?

Although your Apprenticeship is a paid position, it is also a legal requirement in England that you have the opportunity for formal learning within your employment hours.


You will spend 20% of your paid time ‘off-the-job’, giving you the chance for essential training needed to complete your Apprenticeship.

Off-the-job training can be either in or our of the workplace and includes the likes of:


  • teaching theory (e.g. classroom lessons, lectures and online learning)
  • practical training (e.g. shadowing, mentoring, industry visits)
  • learning support and time to write assignments


The other 80% of your time will be spent “on-the-job” with your employer but responsibilities should be aligned to your training to help develop your practical skills. This is why it is so important to match the right apprentice with the right Apprenticeship and the right employer.

How you get paid as an apprentice

What you earn will depend on your age, Apprenticeship level, sector, employer and place of work. Your employer can choose to pay you as much as they believe suitable, but they do typically receive funding for your wages and there are minimum wage requirements they must meet:



You will need to pay for your day-to-day expenses, such as transport to work and the training centre and your lunches

Find an Apprenticeship
Current Apprenticeships
Apprentice Mechanical Engineer
Company name:
York Probe Sources Ltd
Closing Date:
YPS Ltd is a high-tech manufacturer of electron optical devices. We build and supply our own electron emitters for a wide range...
Apprentice Sheet Metal Worker
Company name:
Holmes Catering Equipment Solutions
Closing Date:
Holmes Catering's (division of Space Catering (UK) Ltd) large UK-based factory specialises in the design , manufacture and inst...
Why do an Apprenticeship?
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